Dessau-Roßlau is a city in the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated on the banks of the river Elbe, 25 km south of the state capital Magdeburg. Dessau-Roßlau was founded in the 12th century as a German settlement on the east bank of the Elbe. In the early 20th century, it became a center of the Bauhaus movement. The city was almost completely destroyed by Allied bombing in World War II, but was rebuilt after the war.